Pension age cut!
January 9 - The United Nations headquarters was officially opened in New York.
January 15 - Ilse Koch, The "Witch of Buchenwald," wife of the Commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, was sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in West Germany.
January 27 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site began with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats, northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.
February 1 - The United Nations General Assembly declared that China is the aggressor in the Korean War.
March 29 - Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. On April 5 they were sentenced to death.
Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I opened on Broadway and ran for three years. It was the first Rodgers and Hammerstein show specifically written for someone - actress Gertrude Lawrence. The show made a star of Yul Brynner.
April 11 - US President Harry S. Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern commands.
April 11 - After its removal from Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day, 1950, the Stone of Scone resurfaced on the altar of Arbroath Abbey.
April 18 - The reaty of Paris was adopted, establishing European Coal and Steel Community.
May 3 - King George VI opened London's Royal Festival Hall as patron. Opening of the Festival of Britain
May 25 - The first test of an atomic bomb "boosted" by the inclusion of thermonuclear materials, in a test on Enewetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands by the US.
July 1 - Judy Garland opened the first of 14 concerts in Dublin, Ireland at the Theatre Royal.
July 30 - David Lean's Oliver Twist was finally shown in the United States, after 10 minutes of supposedly anti-Semitic references and closeups of Alec Guinness as Fagin were cut. The film was not shown uncut in America until 1970.
September 8 - In San Francisco 48 nations signed a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
September 10 - Britain began an economic boycott of Iran.
September 18 - The film A Streetcar Named Desire premiered and became a critical and box-office smash.
September 26-28 - Blue sun seen over Europe: the effect was due to ash coming from the Canadian forest fires four months previously.
October 24 - US President Harry Truman declared official end to war with Germany.
October 26 - Winston Churchill re-elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; his foreign minister was Anthony Eden
October 31 - Scrooge, starring Alastair Sim, opened in England.
November 11 - Juan Peron re-elected president of Argentina
November 24 - The Broadway play Gigi opened starring little known actress Audrey Hepburn playing the lead character.
December 23 - The film The African Queen, starring Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn, premiered in Hollywood.
December 24 Libya became independent from Italy.
Also that year:
*The British Board of Film Censors was created.
*First broadcast of The Goon Show.
*October 15 - The first oral contraceptive was invented.
*Rock the Joint released by Bill Haley and the Comets.
*Festival of Britain began on May 4.
*Pensionable age dropped from 70 for men and 65 for women to 65 and 60 respectively.
*South African Nationalist government voted to disenfranchise "coloured" people.
*The British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel.
*The first Miss World Contest was held in London.
*Snowdonia became a national park.
BORN IN 1951
Rush Limbaugh, American radio personality
January 30 - Phil Collins, English musician and producer
February 14 - Kevin Keegan, English footballer and football manager
Jane Seymour, English actress
Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
February 27 - Steve Harley, British musician (Cockney Rebel)
March 1 - Mike Read, British television presenter and radio disc jockey
March 4 - Kenny Dalglish, Scottish footballer and football manager
Chris Rea, British singer and musician
Kurt Russell, American actor
Peter Davison, British actor
June 8 - Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer
July 8 - Anjelica Huston, American actress
September 5 - Michael Keaton, American actor
September 25 - Mark Hamill, American actor
October 2 - Sting, British musician
October 5 - Bob Geldof, Irish musician.
Written by The Editor - 16/06/2001 18:38:27
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